Interactive maps

ACT project footprint map

This map shows all of ACT's projects, both in heritage conservation and environmental projects. 


Rock art sites open to the public

Legislation prohibits any person from approaching within 50m of a rock art site without a permit since graffiti and vandalism over the last few decades have had a severe impact on many rock art sites. However, in order to give the general public access to rock art, a policy was developed to allow conditional access to a number of sites in the province. This selection of rock art sites is indicated on the interactive map below. An Amafa-trained custodian, who ensures that appropriate behaviour is followed, must accompany all people visiting the "open" sites. The relevant custodians can be found through the interactive map. Please click on the icons for the names and descriptions, as well as relevant contact information needed to arrange for visitation to these sites. 

Corbelled houses

The corbelled houses are excellent examples of the ingenuity of the early Dutch pioneers who moved into the Karoo semi-desert landscape from about 1820 through to the end of the nineteenth century. They discovered that trees were sparse and set about building their dwellings using the only available material, stone. As there could be no wooden trusses to support the roof, they made use of an ancient method of construction known as corbelling. This technique was implemented by placing successive courses of flat stone, each one extending a little further inward than the layer beneath, until the walls almost met at the apex. The corbelled buildings of the Northern Cape are the only examples in Southern Africa that still stand today and represent a special phase in the history of vernacular architecture in South Africa.


Emakhosini-Opathe Heritage Park

Situated on the southern banks of the White Mfolozi river near the town on Ulundi, the Ophathe Game Reserve was proclaimed in 1991 and has a rich cultural history. It was here that King Dingane established his Royal Residence, uMgungundlovu. King Dingane clashed with Voortrekkers who sought new lands in the Zulu kingdom. This led to major conflicts which have influenced politics in South Africa to the present. Voortrekker leader, Piet Retief and his followers were put to death at Dingane's Royal Homestead and are buried at Kwa Matiwane, the Hill of Execution, in the eMakhosini valley.


Spioenkop Battlefield Site

Towards the close of the 19th century, Britain tried to gain control over the Transvaal and this led to the declaration of war in October 1899. Boer troops moved into the Colony of Natal and laid siege to the town of Ladysmith, where a large number of British troops were stationed. The Battle of Spioenkop took place on the 23rd and 24th January 1900 and was the scene of the bloodiest and most futile of the four battles fought to relieve Ladysmith. The British had captured the summit of Spioenkop in the early hours of the 24th. Thick mist surrounded the summit and the British entrenched in the centre instead of the forward slopes. When the mist lifted they realised that they were exposed to the surrounding hills. Boer rifle fire, supported by artillery fire, rained down on the summit with deadly accuracy. Despite British reinforcements it became clear that they would not be able to hold out and they started to withdraw. Unbeknown to the British, the Boers had also started to withdraw. A Boer party later discovered that the only occupants of the Hill were the dead and dying, and quickly reoccupied the hilltop.


Isandlwana Battlefield Site

The Battle of Isandlwana was fought on the 22nd January 1879 and was the first major encounter in the Anglo-Zulu War. Eleven days after the British commenced their invasion of Zululand, a Zulu force of some 20,000 warriors attacked the 1,700 British soldiers who were camped at the base of Isandlwana Hill. Despite a huge disadvantage in weapons technology, the Zulus ultimately overwhelmed the British and the battle remains one of Britain’s worst defeats against a native army.


Rorke's Drift battlefield site

The Battle of Rorke's Drift was fought on the same day as the Battle of Isandlwana. Just as it was incomprehensible to the public in Britain that British troops armed with modern weapons could be overwhelmed by native troops, it was equally astounding that a just over 100 of the same British troops could withstand an attack from approximately 4,000 Zulu warriors on the mission station later that day. The defence of the mission station saw a record award of 11 Victoria Crosses.

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